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First Aid Or What To Do If A Cat Is Poisoned


First Aid Or What To Do If A Cat Is Poisoned

Fluffy beauties have an excellent sense of smell, however, cases of poisoning in pets occur frequently. If a cat is poisoned, what to do at home? In order to properly help the animal and understand when to seek professional help, the owner needs to know the symptoms and types of poisoning.

Types of Poisoning

Veterinary specialists distinguish between acute and chronic forms of intoxication. Before treating a cat in case of poisoning, it is necessary to understand what substances and means are dangerous for the animal:

  • Food. The cause of food intoxication is poor quality, spoiled foods. Often the animal suffers when eating stale kitchen waste, rotten or moldy food.
  • Medicines. They are dangerous in the case when the medications are calculated incorrectly (overdose) or individual intolerance has occurred. Often poisoning is observed when treating a pet from helminths and fleas if the instructions for the drug are not followed.
  • Poisoning can be caused by poisoning.. Most often, such a nuisance is noted in the summer when taking pets to the country. The most common and dangerous plants for a cat are azalea, cyclamen, clematis, chrysanthemum.
  • Pesticides. The danger is phosphorus-containing pesticides, arsenic, copper. The animal can be poisoned not only by the drugs themselves, but also by the plants treated by them.
  • Rat poisons. Often, cats become victims of the struggle of owners with rodents with the help of toxic substances. Poisoning occurs both when a rodent eats poison, and when the cat uses the poison bait.
  • Household chemicals. In everyday life, a cat can be exposed to such toxic substances as acids, fungicides, solvents, household chemicals, cosmetics, and many others.

Toxic substances can enter the body of an animal in various ways: with food, water, through the skin, with inhaled air. The variety of poisons and the various ways of their entry into the body make it difficult to diagnose, but the owner should understand what to do if the cat is poisoned. First of all, you need to know what symptoms the animal has.

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Signs and symptoms of poisoning

Signs of intoxication in an animal are determined by the form of the disease. In chronic poisoning, the symptoms are implicit due to the prolonged exposure of the poison to the body. The cat is lethargic, lethargic, loss of appetite.

Pronounced clinical signs appear in the acute form of poisoning. The pet notes:

  • increased salivation and foam from the mouth;
  • digestive dysfunction (vomiting, diarrhea, diarrhea with blood);
  • pain in the abdomen during palpation;
  • thirst;
  • impaired coordination, convulsions;
  • drowsiness, lethargy;
  • tachycardia;
  • rapid breathing;
  • impaired consciousness.

Diagnostics

The symptoms of poisoning in domestic cats are largely dependent on the toxic substance. Before you figure out what to give the cat in case of poisoning, it is worth determining the type of poison. Some specific clinical signs may indicate a toxic substance:

  • When rat poison enters the body, vomiting with an admixture of blood and bile, cyanosis (blueness of the mucous membranes) is observed in the cat.
  • If the pet had contact with poisonous plants, then you can notice increased salivation, foam from the mouth, disturbances from the nervous system are not uncommon.
  • Organophosphate poisoning is characterized by severe excitement, increased pressure, convulsions and paralysis.
  • Food intoxications pass, as a rule, with disruption of the gastrointestinal tract. The cat has vomiting, diarrhea, severe thirst. The pet is oppressed, refuses to feed.
  • Signs of drug poisoning are: weakness, vomiting, depression, narrowing of the pupils.

Animal treatment

Therapy during intoxication of an animal with toxic substances has a number of principles, the implementation of which will help save a pet’s life:

  • Termination of access toxin in the cat’s body.
  • Rapid elimination of toxic substances. For these purposes, cause vomiting in the animal. To reduce the adsorption of poison, laxatives and diuretics are prescribed.
  • The use of specific drugs in relation to a specific poison – antidotes.
  • Treatment of concomitant symptoms (cardiac and anticonvulsants, vitamins, dehydration therapy, etc.).
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First aid at home

If a cat has been poisoned, what should be done at home until a qualified treatment is provided? Having found signs of poisoning in the pet, the owner is able to provide first aid.

Initially, it is necessary to detect a toxic substance and protect the cat’s body from its further penetration.

In the event that intoxication is associated with carbon monoxide, inhalation of toxic fumes, the pet should be taken to fresh air. If the poisonous substance gets on the coat and skin of the cat, it is necessary to wash it off with plenty of water.

When food poisoning and pesticides enter the cat’s body, vomiting is necessary. To do this, the animal is forcibly fed a large amount of liquid with the addition of salt. To reduce the absorption of poisons, it is advisable to make a cleansing enema. In case of acid poisoning, vomiting cannot be caused, this will worsen the condition of the animal.

The most common adsorbent that can be treated at home when the cat has been poisoned is activated carbon. The drug is given in the form of a tablet, with resistance it is permissible to grind it into powder. The recommended dosage is 500 mg per 1 kg of animal weight.

With obscure poison, do not drink milk to a sick pet. Contrary to popular belief, milk is not always useful for poisoning. Rice broth and enterosgel are more effective and safer.

If a pet is a victim of dog hunters, what should be given to a cat in case of poisoning? After vomiting, the poisoned animal should be given vitamin B6, which is the antidote for isoniazid, which is often used to poison cats and dogs.

With any type of poisoning, it is necessary that the animal consume a lot of water. Do not treat yourself.

Veterinarian Actions

After first aid, the pet must be taken to a specialized facility or a veterinarian should be called to his home. In the clinic, the pet will pick up an antidote:

  • in case of heavy metal poisoning, sodium thiosulfate is administered intravenously;
  • if pesticide poisoning is suspected, atropine is used;
  • when rat poison enters the body, vitamin K and iron-containing drugs are prescribed to the animal.
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Vomiting and diarrhea, as a rule, lead to dehydration, which is dangerous for the body. In this case, the veterinarian conducts a course of intravenous infusions of isotonic solutions.

The rules of nutrition after poisoning (briefly)

After the first aid is provided to the animal and the necessary procedures are carried out, the owners take the victim home. It is better to ask your veterinarian in advance than to feed a cat after poisoning. In most cases, for the purpose of speedy rehabilitation after intoxication, the animal is assigned a 24-hour fasting diet. During this period, must be freely available fresh drinking water.

After a daily hunger strike, the cat is transferred to 3 to 4 meals a day. Preference should be given to light foods that do not contain animal fats: cereals, boiled vegetables. Milk in the first 3 to 4 days is not recommended. After 5 – 7 days, in satisfactory condition, the pet is transferred to a normal diet and diet.

The pet owner needs to know not only the signs of poisoning, the types of poisons, but also what to do if the cat has been poisoned. Timely and competently rendered first aid to a sick animal will help to save not only health, but also the life of a pet.

The incubation period is very short, and the consequences without help can be dire. In the first place, a sick animal is prescribed infusion therapy for. Cat after poisoning: what to feed, treatment rules.

And here is more about how to help a cat after poisoning. If the cat has a fever, vomiting and diarrhea amid a decrease in water consumption, help should be provided immediately.

After providing first aid and qualified treatment in a specialized clinic, the animal needs a long one. Mandatory use of dicinone in case of cat poisoning with rat poison.

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