Cat In The House
Before knitting a cat, sit down and think it over well. Can you provide the cat with proper care during pregnancy and after childbirth? Do you have enough time to look after the offspring and the cat? Are there enough funds so that in case of unforeseen complications you do not have to think about where to get the money for surgery and medications? Can you make decisions quickly or in difficult situations get lost and nervous?
Only if you gave a positive answer to all the questions, can you organize a mating. However, if you are afraid of the sight of blood, find among your good friends a person who would replace you or hedge during childbirth. Or call a veterinarian at home.
Throughout pregnancy, the cat needs a sufficient amount of nutrients, so no diets and restrictions! It may be worth giving the cat vitamins – depending on how you feed your pet all the time. It is best to transfer the cat to a special diet: professional feed manufacturers offer balanced feed for pregnant and lactating cats.
PREPARING FOR CATS
Many Ukrainian proverbs and sayings are closely related to animals. The explanation is simple: cats, dogs, and other domestic animals have lived close to people for centuries. No wonder that a person compared his life with the life of four-legged “neighbors”: “Heals like a dog”, “Not all cats are Pancake week”, “A cat knows whose meat has eaten” and, of course, “It’s easy only cats will be born”. Indeed, in most cases, giving birth to cats is quick and easy. The widespread opinion is that cats do everything themselves, and the owner can only find the offspring of loving owners. An experienced breeder knows that, unfortunately, this is not always the case. And with easy delivery, the owner still has to play a role.
Ideally, preparation for the birth of a cat should begin even before breeding. Before taking the cat to the cat, make sure that she is healthy. Cat activity, good muscle tone are important for normal childbirth, so let him move. But in recent weeks, it’s worthwhile to limit jumping to tall objects so that she does not accidentally fall, because her large belly makes her less dexterous. In some breeds, for example, in the British, complications during childbirth can also be associated with inactivity, so the cat will still need "physical education" before and during pregnancy.
You, as the owner, also need to prepare for childbirth – no matter how rich your "obstetric" experience is. You need to find the nearest veterinary clinic to your home. Think about how you get there – after all, troubles under the law of meanness usually happen just when your car does not start and night is in the yard. Be sure to check with the clinic if there is an opportunity to get a consultation by phone, whether a reception is held around the clock. You may be interested in the possibility of conducting a “home delivery” so that the doctor is present throughout the entire delivery process.
You will definitely need his knowledge, skills and especially practical participation if your cat gives birth for the first time and you yourself only theoretically imagine what should be. The doctor will help you navigate correctly in every physiological process that occurs during feline birth.
Prepare for the birth of the cat in advance. Here is a list of what you will need.
– A box is a “nest” in which a cat will bring offspring, and then will raise him. The box should be spacious enough. Prepare it in advance so that the expectant mother can. examine her and "accept".
– Disposable diapers.
– Gauze napkins 20 x 20.
– Thick silk threads for bandaging the umbilical cord.
– Scissors with rounded ends.
– Medical alcohol for sterilizing scissors.
– Hydrogen peroxide.
– Syntomycin emulsion.
– Streptocide in powder.
– A small syringe for aspirating fluid from a newborn’s nose.
– Unbreakable vessel with water (1 l). Here you will add the afterbirth.
– Warmer for newborns.
If you have any questions, please call around the clock at 540-03-03, 565-84-98 and our doctor on duty will give you a free consultation.
BIRTHS IN CATS
Births in cats usually occur on the 59-70th day after mating. Some time before the start – about a day – the cat’s high belly drops, colostrum begins to stand out from the nipples. Just before the birth, she begins to worry, meow and come to you for help. Childbirth begins with labor, during which the cat breathes with his mouth open. After giving birth, she will breathe in the same way due to suitable milk. Then attempts come – at this time cats usually growl or purr very loudly. They give birth either sitting, in a "potted" position, or lying on their side. It is normal when a kitten is born after 3-4 attempts.
Ideally, kittens are born in a bubble and head first. Mother bursts the bladder, licks the kitten so that it begins to breathe, bites off the umbilical cord, eats the placenta (placenta, child’s place). Then it is laid so that the newborn kitten finds a nipple and begins to suck. This stimulates the contractions and the birth of the next kitten. Be sure to ensure that the number of placentas released matches the number of kittens! There is usually no time to count the placenta during childbirth – a cat obstetrician should monitor the behavior of the woman in labor, the course of the birth and the newborn, so just put all the left placentas in a prepared jar of water. After the birth is completed and the mother with the kittens settles in the nest, you can count the afterbirths and check their integrity. Occupation is unpleasant, but try to treat it without emotions. This must be done: you must remember that the last or part of the uterus that remains in the uterus will cause severe inflammation.
Many breeders argue about whether to give the last to eat. In nature, cats, dogs, and other animals do this. Such “cleaning” in a hole or where the offspring was born is necessary so that the smell does not attract enemies, and also because the placenta contains the hormone oxytocin, which stimulates labor. At home, the cat does not have to take care of protection from enemies, but instincts remain. You should not let her eat all the aftermaths, she can be weakened at best, and at worst provoke eclampsia, but one can still be given. However, your cat may refuse to eat it.
Kittens can be born even without a bubble, there is nothing wrong with this if it does not affect the course of labor or the health of the kittens.
The break between the birth of kittens can be either small – about 10-15 minutes, or long – up to several hours. In some cases, labor can be stopped to resume after some time – usually 12 hours, less often – a day. In the vast majority of cases, childbirth in cats is quite calm, the owner can only watch.
So, the birth has begun. The cat settled in the "nest", and you sat next to watch if everything is in order. The cat is pushing – a bubble appears, and you see a kitten’s paw, nose or tail in it. The birth of the first may take from several minutes to one hour. The cat must handle the kitten itself. But it happens like this: a kitten was born, and a cat. she took up herself, not paying any attention to him. Do not wait until she remembers something other than soiled wool. Gently tear the bubble near the kitten’s nose, grab the newborn in your hands and, grasping the body and head, shake gently to remove mucus from the nose. If this does not work out, suck out the liquid with a pipette or mouth. When the kitten is breathing, you can do the umbilical cord. Grind it in the thinnest place (leaving about 5-7 cm) and sprinkle with streptocide powder – this will reduce bleeding. Can be cut with sterilized scissors. If necessary, the umbilical cord can be burned with brilliant green. If everything is in order, further care for the umbilical cord is not required. If it is bleeding, bandage it with a thread. Then wipe the kitten with a gauze napkin and be sure to attach it to the nipples – let it suck mother’s milk until contractions and attempts are resumed.
Attempts resumed, another kitten appeared in the bubble. And stuck. Never let a cat bite a fruit bubble with liquid! The first breath of a kitten in this position will cause him to suffocate. Wrap the kitten with a gauze napkin or cloth and, after waiting for the effort, gently pull the body outward, slightly swinging from side to side. Never pull on limbs: kittens’ joints and bones are still very weak. Only for the body or, if the head has already come out, for the scruff. If the head and one foot stick out, set it back before pulling. Otherwise, you run the risk of dislocating the kitten limb.
CESARIAN SECTION IN CATS
In some particularly difficult cases, when a cat, no matter how hard it tries, cannot give birth to a kitten (the fetus can get stuck in the birth canal, and sometimes two kittens simultaneously begin to move along the birth canal), you have to resort to such an operation as a cesarean section. However, do not rush to operate the cat – first you should do everything possible so that she gives birth on her own. Only a doctor can decide that surgery is necessary.
If the cat’s labor activity continues, but the result is zero or blood is released, or the labor has stopped altogether, and a kitten is felt in the stomach, take the cat to the clinic for ultrasound and X-ray. In some cases, a kitten, usually already dead and very large, much larger than its littermates, can become stuck in the birth canal, blocking the exit to itself and other kittens.
An indication for cesarean may be the complete absence of labor on the 69th day of pregnancy. This period can be considered critical for the delivery and health of kittens. Therefore, if 69 days have already passed after the mating, don’t expect the cat to suddenly give birth, take it to the clinic. The doctor will do an ultrasound and decide whether to stimulate the birth or immediately do the operation.
POST-PERIOD PERIOD IN A CAT
Finally, all the kittens were born, and the cat is resting calmly. Your task is to remove the bloodied litter and make sure that everything is fine with the kittens. If they suck rhythmically, and then calmly sleep, we can assume that everything is fine. You should be alerted by the discharge of milk from the kitten’s nose (suspicion of a “cleft palate” – lack of closure of the upper jaw and hard palate), aimless crawling of a newborn near a cat, stretching of limbs, lack of sucking reflex, sluggish (tedious), but prolonged and causeless squeak. All these signs of unhealthy kittens – an occasion to invite a veterinarian.
After giving birth, you must also carefully monitor the health of the cat. If it raises your concerns, also contact your veterinarian immediately.
Quite often in cats there is such a postpartum complication as eclampsia. At the initial stages of feeding offspring, the production of milk leads to the fact that the amount of calcium in the blood of a cat decreases sharply, in some cases, calcium ceases to be absorbed. Signs of this serious disease, often leading to the death of animals, are excessive salivation, impaired coordination of movements, anxiety, then convulsions, fever. At the first sign, contact your veterinarian! To prevent this disease during pregnancy and after childbirth, the cat should receive calcium preparations, however, before buying special supplements, contact the clinic. It makes sense to do a blood test to find out if the cat needs calcium or, on the contrary, its additional administration can be harmful. In some cases, eclampsia can occur repeatedly, closer to the end of feeding the kittens.Tags: birth