Cat In The House
Kittens, like many other animals, are born toothless. Then the first milk teeth grow, which eventually change to permanent ones. The process of growth and change of the dentition usually does not present any difficulties and often goes unnoticed by a person.
But to understand it and understand how everything happens, the owner of the mustachioed pets is worth it. This will help in time to notice and eliminate potential problems in the oral cavity associated with the chewing apparatus in cats.
A complete set of milk teeth in cats consists of 26 pieces. The onset of teething is noted between 2-3 weeks from birth (usually closer to 3 weeks). A full milk bite is formed by 6 weeks (maximum by 8). The appearance of the first sharp cloves is a signal that kittens can begin to enter "chewing" complementary foods.
Healthy baby teeth in a kitten
Milk teeth in cats are whiter and thinner than permanent ones.
Changing the dentition in cats is a painless process and usually goes unnoticed by owners. The onset is noted by 3-5 months of age. By the age of 7-8 months, a permanent molar bite usually includes 30 teeth.
Permanent teeth outline
The added 4 molars are absent in the milk bite.
There is no clear order and exact terms for changing teeth, but most experts are of the opinion that everything changes in cats in the same order as it grows:
Healthy grin in a cat
Healthy molars are initially pure white in color, with time acquire a slight shade of yellowness. After 4-5 years, you can observe signs of abrasion of the tooth surface due to age – the fangs become slightly dull, and the curvature of premolars and molars is smoothed out. Cats over 5-6 years of age may already lack some permanent teeth, but healthy animals do fine without them.
The dentition of domestic mustachioed predators changes once in life, replacing the dairy components with permanent ones. If tooth loss was noted at any age older than 1 year, then this is not the norm, and there must be a definite reason for this.
In both the first and second cases, cats have a desire to bite and chew. Toys, bedding, pillows or the hands of the owners are used. Biting a person’s hands must be stopped, because single actions can develop into a bad habit of biting them constantly.
Soreness at the time of tooth growth or their change is not observed, but some discomfort is present. Perhaps a decrease in appetite and increased salivation.
Unsteady baby teeth can interfere with a pet, so you can watch a cat shake its head, actively lick its lips or try to get rid of it with its paw. Help is not worth it, the animal will cope on its own!
When teeth change to basic, milk can fall out, and can be swallowed. This phenomenon happens very often, but is not a cause for excitement.
The teeth of kittens and cats change, usually without problems and without any particular inconvenience. Often the owners do not even notice this. But veterinarians advise in the period between 5 and 8 months – the full period of the change of teeth – to periodically examine the mouth of pets purely for preventive purposes. It is important not to miss the protracted inflammatory process, which will require additional intervention or “stuck” teeth (when the staggering milk is still holding, and a new constant is actively growing under it).
Teething or their replacement may be accompanied by a minor inflammatory process that takes place independently after the complete formation of the dentition. With improper feeding, inflammation can be delayed.
Inflammation of the gums of the upper jaw
Inflammation when changing teeth takes place independently when the pet is transferred to soft food, eliminating the additional irritation of the gums with solid food.
Very often, the first teeth do not fall out until the permanent molar is shown from the gum. This phenomenon can disrupt the bite due to abnormal growth of the molar and lead to injury to the gums, cheeks and lips of the cat. It is better if the veterinarian is involved in the diagnosis, as an inexperienced owner can not always distinguish young teeth from permanent ones.
If, when examining the mouth, the veterinarian notes the impossibility of independent loss of milk teeth, they resort to their surgical removal under anesthesia.
It is sometimes useful to look into the mouth of a domestic animal for a general assessment of the condition of the teeth and the oral cavity as a whole, even if outwardly there is no hint of problems with the chewing apparatus. There are no special conditions for the care of a cat’s oral cavity, except for proper nutrition in accordance with age.
Running cat tartar case
One of the most common problems with cat teeth is tartar. In nature, predators do not have such a problem. Pets receiving dry food or food in large pieces do not have it either. With regular feeding of soft food, when the procedure for self-cleaning of the oral cavity is excluded, plaque forms on the teeth, which, under the influence of bacteria, salts and food debris, turns into tartar. The launched process will require cleaning with special tools in veterinary clinics and under general anesthesia.
For prophylactic sanitation of the oral cavity in cats, as well as to prevent the formation of plaque and tartar as prescribed by the veterinarian, you can use the drug “Stomadex” C100 in courses of 10 days (cost: 400-450 rubles / pack with 10 tablets). The tablet from the package is glued with a finger on the dry surface of the cheek closer to the toothless edge (top or bottom). Dry your cheek with a clean, dry paper towel. After attaching the tablet, the animal should not be given food and drink for 20-25 minutes. It is better to do the procedure before bedtime, half an hour after the last feeding (the period when the amount of saliva produced decreases).
The formation of the chewing apparatus in cats occurs according to the general laws of animal physiology and does not require human intervention. But this does not exempt owners of fanged pets from monitoring this process and preventive examination of the oral cavity.Tags: cats, change, milk, permanent, teeth, their